over 2 dozen different styles of beer in the world. However, all these styles
fall within two types, Ales and Lagers. These two types are different because of
the two different kinds of yeast used in the fermentation process.
"top fermenting" beers. They are made with a top fermenting yeast called
Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This yeast clings together in large clumps near the
surface during fermentation. Ale yeast works best at higher temperatures and, as
a consequence, works more quickly to convert sugars into alcohol, but does not
convert all the sugars and leaves a sweetness in the beer. Ales are more cloudy
with flavors that tend to be louder than Lagers and that change, even improve,
with warmer temperatures. As your Ale warms up in your glass it gets more bolder
tasting. Darker ales are even more flavorful.
are "bottom fermenting" beers. They are made with a bottom fermenting yeast
called Saccharomyces uvarum. This
kind of yeast does not clump together and therefore sinks to the bottom during
fermentation. This Lager yeast works best at low temperatures and slowly
ferments more sugars into alcohol. So while Ale yeast actually converts sugar
faster, Lager yeast converts more sugar over the longer fermentation. Therefore,
Lagers tend to be clean, crisp and less sweet than Ales. Darker lagers are more
malty tasting than light lagers, but both share a common crispness. Lagers are
usually served very cold and the flavor typically will not improve with
lagers consumed today are of the variety called Pilsners, which was first brewed
in the town of Pilsen in 1842. The original Pilsner Urquell is still one of the
best beers in the world.
different styles of beer are differentiated by several elements that go into the
brewing of each beer.
include: appearance (which in itself includes several factors like color, head,
clarity, etc); aroma; flavor; strength or alcoholic content; ingredients, such
as the type of grain used, the variety of hops (and they way they are toasted or
roasted prior to the brewing process itself) and, of course, the type of yeast
the most popular styles are: Pale Ale, Blonde Ale, Amber Ale, Brown Ale, Cream
Ale, Old Ale, Stout, Bitter, Pilsner, Steam Beer, Wheat Beer, Pale Lager, Ice
Beer, Malt Liquor and American Lager.
your lagers cold. Your ales should be drunk only slightly cool. Of course,
that's only my opinion.
by the way, are single celled fungi. Yes, relatives of the Amanita (the magic
mushroom) and ergot (the rye fungus that produces LSD).